You have just purchased a new Chihuahua puppy. Now you have a new “baby” and of course
you want that baby to grow up and be a healthy playful little bundle of joy. BUT there are certain
things that you need to know and do to make this happen. In the following paragraphs I have
tried to cover the basics of how to care for a new puppy and some information that may save
your baby’s life in an emergency situation. I will also try to educate you to be observant so you
may meet the needs of even the tiniest of my little puppies.

TAKING YOUR PUPPY HOME. One of the biggest mistakes people make when they purchase a
new puppy is they immediately have to take it visiting to show it off. NOT A GOOD IDEA !! Take
your puppy straight home and try your very best to keep it there until it has adjusted to it’s new
surroundings and it’s new “parents”. Don’t do anything that stresses the puppy out. If it is put into
some sort of pen and allowed to “cry itself to sleep” you may awake to a dead puppy. I will
provide you with a blanket that will have the scent of its litter mates to comfort the puppy and help
make it feel more secure in its new surroundings. Make sure you put it with your new puppy
wherever it will be sleeping. You can also put a plastic bottle of warm water securely sealed so it
won’t leak into a soft blanket or towel and allow the your new puppy to cuddle up to it at night.
This stimulates the body temperature of another puppy in the bed with your new baby so it
doesnt feel abandoned.
When going to the vet use some common sense. Keep your puppy in a crate or in your lap when
visiting the vets office. Do not let it romp on the floor or furniture and most certainly do not allow it
to socialize with other animals that also may be in the office at the same time. Where do all
people take sick dogs? To the vet! Where is the best place to pick up germs or contract
disease? Naturally, it’s where everyone takes sick dogs. TO THE VET!!

Your puppy will already have it’s first series of puppy shots when you receive it. Make sure that
you complete to proper series of puppy shots as this could save your puppies life. If the vet you
choose says your puppy will have to be started over on it’s shots already given run out the door!
It is vital that you do not overload your little Chihuahuas immune system. This can cause just as
many problems as not receiving any puppy shots. Make sure you take your new puppy to
someone you feel comfortable with. Make sure that you do not do more than one treatment in a
visit. If you puppy needs a worm treatment ask to take it home and give a couple days after the
vaccination was given. Also when your puppy is old enough for it’s rabies shot make sure that is
the only shot it is receiving that day. The puppy series that you vet will give will protect it from
catching several different viruses. Make sure that vaccination for your Chihuahua does not
contain protection against leptospirosis. This vaccination has been know to have adverse
reactions when given to Chihuahuas. Discuss this with your vet to see if leptospirosis is
something your Chihuahua has to be concerned with catching in your area. Always remember to
tell them when taking your Chihuahua in for it’s shots that you do not want it to include “lepto”. It
could be fatal to your Chihuahua.

DIET AND FEEDING: If you were caring for a human baby you would be feeding it every few
hours and constantly changing it’s diaper  and keeping the environment clean. Same thing for
your new Chihuahua puppy. You should keep the puppy on the same food that was provided for
you so that you don’t stress the puppy any more that necessary. If you decide that you do not
want to continue the puppy on the same food you must slowly introduce the new food. Mix a little
of the new food in  with the food the puppy is already eating. You can add a little more of the new
food and a little less of the old food each day. This should be done over a 10 day period until the
puppy is completely on the new food only.  Don’t change the puppy’s diet or eating routine too
abruptly. The smaller a puppy the more times a day it has to be fed. You have to remember that
because of their small stomachs they have to eat more often to sustain themselves. Never
confine the puppy for any length of time with no food or water. This means during the night also.
Puppies have to eat and drink during the night time hours just to sustain themselves.  Make sure
to confine them in an area that has enough room for a bed, food, water and some paper down so
they can relieve themselves. Until they are older they will not be able to go very long without
eating, drinking and going to the potty. They are babies. Do not put the puppy in bed with you to
sleep during the night. They will attempt to go as far as possible away from where they sleep to
relieve themselves and could fall of the bed. That is too far of a fall for a small Chihuahua.
I have provided access to dry kibble at all times for this puppy , so that is what it is use to.
It has been weaned from mom for several weeks and is eating dry food with no problems.   It is
very important to make sure the puppy is eating once you get it home.
Do not be concerned with your puppy eating the same kind of food everyday. You should decide
on a good puppy food and keep it on it. When you offer different kinds of food all the time “trying
to find one he likes” you are actually creating a picky eater. The food I sent home with you new
puppy is a great new puppy food. Once your puppy is a little older I suggest Nutro Max. It is a
great food and all of my Chihuahuas love it. You can change to adult small bites as your puppy
becomes an adult.

HYPOGLYCEMIA -This is the scientific name for a condition where the sugar level suddenly
drops. The first signs of this problem is usually staggering and falling over as if they are drunk.
Or they can be observed lying on their side paddling with their front feet as though they are
swimming. If these symptoms are observed you must act very quickly in order to save your puppy’
s life. You have to get the sugar level up to bring the puppy out of this situation. And it must be
done quickly. I suggest you have a tube of nutrical on hand. You can get this at any pet food
store. If you puppy does show any signs of low blood sugar or if it is not eating, give it some
nutrical. If the puppy’s is not willing to lick the nutrical you can put some on your finger and rub it
on the puppy’s gums. Sometimes when they get like this their mouth will clinch shut and you will
have to pry it open.  This should  help get the puppy’s blood sugar back to a more normal level.
Once the puppy is responsive  you must get it to eat. If your puppy has an episode like this it is
not eating enough food. It could also be an underlying problem that may need medical attention.
Make sure you offer the puppy the nutrical several times a day-even if it is acting fine.  I have
never had this problem with any of the puppies I have taken home but have seen many puppies
come into the emergency clinic like this. The owners are in a panic that their puppy is two breaths
away from it’s last and if this situation is not handled immediately it very well could be.

HOUSE TRAINING- Your new puppy has been introduced to eliminating itself on paper since it
first started walking.  A young puppy cannot be expected to “hold it” until it is taken outside. You
should have paper down on the floor close the where your puppy is at all times. If it is introduced
to the option of not having paper down it will forget about the paper thing and just go when
needed. Make sure the area that you keep you puppy when you are not with it has a bed, food,
water and a place to eliminate away from the bed, food and water. They do not like to eliminate
where they eat ,drink and sleep. Once your new puppy is familiar with it’s new surroundings and
getting use to it’s new routine you can start introducing eliminating itself outside. Chihuahuas are
really smart and catch on pretty fast as to what you expect of them.

TEACHING PUPPY TO “DROP IT”-A very important command a puppy can learn is to drop any
object it has in it’s mouth on command. The command :NO” is not adequate. Always give a
command with the puppy’s name. Whatever command is intended the command words must
always be the same. Getting a puppy to drop an object is not an easily learned lesson. Teaching
this command is against its innate nature. Teaching this command should be started as a playful
training. Give the puppy a tour or other treat and do not release it when the puppy tries to take it.
As the puppy holds the toy stroke it’s head and give the command drop it. Of course the
untrained puppy will not respond. While still holding the toy repeatedly tap on side of the pups
muzzle. Begin with very light taps and increase in pressure until the puppy releases it’s treasure.
Praise the puppy once it drops it. After a few moments return the toy to the puppy and let it play
with it for a few minutes and then start the process over again. Once they realize that the toy will
be returned it will be immediately released. There will be several time’s throughout our dogs life
that it will have something in it’s mouth that it shouldn’t. If I say drop it to any of my dogs it’s as if
they will spit it out-no matter what it is. I say it often.

HAIR LOSS OR THINNING- In Chihuahuas when they are between 8 and 12 weeks of age you
may notice a sudden thinning splotchy pattern in its coat. This is often misdiagnosed by vets and
they suggest skin scrapings to determine if mites are present. It is a normal condition and should
only last a couple of weeks. You should only be alarmed if it is accompanied by a rash. That
could be a sign of démodé tic mange mites or some sort of allergy. My first Chihuahuas all did
this and I took them to the vet and we did scrapes and everything always came up negative so
they were put on antibiotics just in case. I now learned to wait it out and everything is always fine.

TEETHING-Chihuahuas  usually have their full set of puppy teeth by six weeks of age. But some
of them lack jaw muscles strong enough to crush dry kibble. I will not send home a puppy until I
know they are eating dry food without any problems. When Chihuahuas are about 13 weeks old
they start to cut their permanent teeth. This process can go on for 3 to 6 months. It can effect
puppies differently. Sometimes their ears will droop or they will have one ear up and one down..
This can change from day to day. At this age they will want to chew on everything so make sure
to provide a lot of puppy safe chew toys. This will discourage them from chewing on your good
shoes or nice leather couch.

REVERSE SNEEZE- occasional bouts of sneezing, snorting, honking and wheezing are not
unusual in Chihuahuas, and is sometimes called a reverse sneeze. This is usually caused by a
elongated soft palate that is thought to become temporarily misaligned. It is a common trait in toy
breeds. Pulling hard on a leash, drinking too fast or getting overly excited can lead to an episode
of reverse sneezing. Reverse sneezing should not be confused with a different condition call a
collapsed trachea.
Although reverse sneezing may be scary, it only lasts a short time and can be ended by
massaging the dogs neck and throat and encouraging the dog to swallow or lick. Another way to
slow the reverse sneeze is to clap your hands to distract the dog, or pinch closed the dogs
nostrils with your fingers, forcing it to breathe through its mouth and to swallow.

LUXATION OF THE PATELLA- Luxation of the patella or dislocation of the kneecap is a common
hereditary problem with Chihuahuas and other small breeds. Patellar luxation can occur in
varying degrees from minimal to debilitating. Very young dogs may be able to compensate for
this deformity but the condition tends to worsen over time. Most of the time the Chihuahua is
older before symptoms of patellar luxation are obvious.
The dislocation is most commonly found on the inner side of the patella. The attached ligaments
become stretched over time until the patella is rarely where it is supposed to be, and may pop in
and out of place very easily.
Recent studies have shown that immediate treatment is recommended, rather then waiting until
the dislocation has crippled the dog. The reasoning is that while the knee is dislocated the entire
body of the dog is compensating for it causing deformations of many other skeletal areas.

THE MOLERA- Historically the Chihuahua as developed in Mexico and the United States has
displayed a soft spot on the top of its head. In the Chihuahua this spot , or fontanel, is know as
the molera, and is the same that is found in human babies. In the past this molera was accepted
as a mark of purity in the breed and is still mentioned in most Chihuahua breed standards all
over the world. American Kennel Club (AKC) lists it as an acceptable breed standard.
It is important to note that while many Chihuahua puppies are born without the molera, there are
probably just as many born with one and its presence is nothing to become alarmed over. The
molera in a Chihuahua will occur on the top of the head and may vary in shape and size when
Unfortunately many people(some veterinarians -not familiar with the Chihuahua breed standards)
have tried to link the presence of a molera with the condition known as hydrocephalus. The truth
is that a domed head with a molera present does not predispose the Chihuahua to this condition.

VACCINATION REACTION-It is not uncommon that your puppy will have a systemic reaction to its
vaccinations. This can include a low-grade fever or muscle aches and pain. They may be really
sleepy for the next 24 to 48 hours after their vaccinations. A more severe adverse reaction would
be characterized by hives, swelling of the face or even vomiting. This reaction can be prevented
by administering an antihistamine at the time of the vaccination. Please check with your vet about
this option. In some rare cases dogs will have a more severe reaction leading to death.
Leptospirosis, the component most likely to produce such severe reactions should always be left
out of your Chihuahuas vaccinations. Chihuahuas do not respond well to this component so
unless the area you live in has a leptospirosis concern  please ask you vet not to include it in its
vaccine. If your dog has had a vaccine reaction in the past, don’t skip future vaccinations but do
warn your veterinarian so he can take the proper precautions when vaccinating your pet.
If your dog does have an adverse reaction to it’s vaccinations always contact your veterinarian

SHIVERING-This is a trait of the Chihuahuas. It is usually a communication of sort. They may be
scared or unsure of something or someone. Or they may just be cold. Young dogs often shiver
after they have been fed. Shivering is generally caused by the fact that the Chihuahua is so
small that its body temperature changes very quickly. Shivering is a way for their body to
compensate for this difference. Please make sure your chihuahua is nice and warm during the
winter months. It doesn’t take much for these little guys to catch a chill. You will notice that
Chihuahuas love to bury themselves under blankets or when its warm they love to bask in the


General Appearance:
A graceful, alert, swift-moving little dog with a saucy expression, compact, and with terrier-like
qualities of temperament.

Size, Proportion , Substance:
Weight-A well balanced little dog not to exceed 6 pounds.
Proportion- The body is off squared, hence , slightly longer when measured from point of
shoulder to point of buttocks, than height at the withers. Somewhat shorter bodies are preferred
in males.
Disqualification-Any dog over 6 pounds in weight.

A well rounded apple dome skull, with or without a molera.
Eyes-Full, but not protruding, balanced, set well apart-luminous dark or ruby(light eyes in blond
or white colored dogs is permissible)
Ears-Large, erect type ears, held more upright when alert, but flaring to the sides at a 45 degree
angle when in response, giving breadth between the ears.
Muzzle-Moderately short, slightly pointed. Cheeks and jaw lean.
Nose-Self colored in blond types, or black. In moles, blues and chocolates they are self colored.
In blond types pink nose is permissible.
Bite-Level or scissors. Overshot or undershot bites, or any distortion of the bite or jaw, should be
penalized as a serious fault.
Disqualifications-Broken down or cropped ears.

Neck, Top line, Body:
Neck- Slightly arched, gracefully sloping into lean shoulders.
Top line-Level.
Body- Ribs rounded and well sprung (but not too much barrel shaped)
Tail- Moderately long, carried sickle either up or out in a loop over the back with tip just touching
the back.
Disqualifications- Cropped tail, bobtail.

Shoulders- Lean, sloping into a slightly broadening support above straight forelegs that set well
under, giving a free play at the elbows. Shoulders should be well up, giving balance and
soundness, sloping into a level back (never down or low). This gives a chectiness, and strength
of forequarters,  yet not of the bulldog chest.
Feet- A small, dainty foot with toes well split up but not spread, pads cushioned,

Muscular, with hocks well apart, neither out nor in, well let down, firm and sturdy. The feet are as
in front.

In the smooth coats, the coat should be of soft texture, close and glossy. (heavier coats with
undercoats permissible) Coat placed well over body with ruff on neck preferred, and more scanty
on head and ears. Hair on tail preferred fury. In long coats, the coat should be of a soft texture,
either flat of slightly curly, with undercoat preferred.
Ears-Fringed (heavy fringed ears may be tipped slightly if due to the fringes and not to weak ear
leather, never down)
Tail-Full and long (as a plume) Feathering on feet and legs, pants on hind legs and large ruff on
the neck desired and preferred.
Disqualification- In long coats-too thin coat that resembles bareness.

Any color-Solid, marked or splashed.

The Chihuahua should move swiftly with a firm, sturdy action, with good reach in front equal to
the drive from the rear. From the rear, the hocks remain parallel to each other, and the foot fall
of the rear legs follows directly behind that if the forelegs. The legs, both front and rear, will tend
to converge slightly toward a central line of gravity as speed increases. The side view shows
good, string drive in the rear and plenty of reach in the front, with head carried high. The top line
should remain firm and the back line level as the dog moves.

Alert, with terrier like qualities.

Any dog over 6 pounds in weight.
Broken down  or cropped ears.
Cropped tail, bobtail.
In long coats, too thin coat that resembles bareness.